Thursday, July 26, 2012

Tool Box for Corruption

Because corruption is willfully hidden, it is impossible to measure directly; instead, proxies for corruption are used. The CPI uses an eclectic mix of third-party surveys to sample public perceptions of corruption through a variety of questions, ranging from "Do you trust the government?"  "Is corruption a big problem in your country?" (city and/or town)

                                                         Corruption Perceptions Index

The index mainly provides a snapshot of the views of business people and country analysts. In comparison, the questions in the Eurobarometer surveys 64.3 (2005), 68.2 (2007), 72.2 (2009), and the Flash Eurobarometer 236 (2008) established by the European Commission for all of the 27 European Union members states ask the perceptions and experiences of the general public. In general, the results show a very large divergence between the perception of living in a corrupt country by the general public and the experiences of corruption in everyday life.

Since 1995, Transparency International (TI) publishes the Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) annually ranking countries "by their perceived levels of corruption, as determined by expert assessments and opinion surveys."The CPI generally defines corruption as "the misuse of public power for private benefit."[2] As of 2010, the CPI ranks 178 countries "on a scale from 10 (very clean) to 0 (highly corrupt)."

Transparency International consists of more than 100 chapters – locally established, independent organisations – that fight corruption in their respective countries. From small bribes to large-scale looting, corruption differs from country to country.

This work ranges from visiting rural communities to provide free legal support to advising their government on policy reform. Corruption does not stop at national borders. The chapters play a crucial role in shaping its collective work and realising its regional and global goals, such as Strategy 2015. Transparency International’s multi-country research and advocacy initiatives are driven by the chapters.

They also clearly state that they are “politically non-partisan and place great importance on our independence” meaning that no donor has any input into their policies.

Transparency International


One global movement sharing one vision: a world in which government, business, civil society and the daily lives of people are free of corruption.

In 1993, a few individuals decided to take a stance against corruption and created Transparency International. Now present in more than 100 countries, the movement works relentlessly to stir the world’s collective conscience and bring about change. Much remains to be done to stop corruption, but much has also been achieved, including:

:the creation of international anti-corruption conventions

:the prosecution of corrupt leaders and seizures of their illicitly gained riches

:companies held accountable for their behaviour both at home and abroad.


Our Mission is to stop corruption and promote transparency, accountability and integrity at all levels and across all sectors of society. Our Core Values are: transparency, accountability, integrity, solidarity, courage, justice and democracy.


Our Vision is a world in which government, politics, business, civil society and the daily lives of people are free of corruption.


Transparency, Accountability, Integrity, Solidarity, Courage, Justice and Democracy

Guiding Principles:

1. As coalition-builders, we will work cooperatively with all individuals and groups, with for-profit and not-for-profit corporations and organisations, and with governments and international bodies committed to the fight against corruption, subject only to the policies and priorities set by our governing bodies.

2. We undertake to be open, honest and accountable in our relationships with everyone we work with, and with each other.

3.We will be democratic, politically non-partisan and non-sectarian in our work.

4.We will condemn bribery and corruption vigorously wherever it has been reliably identified.

5. The positions we take will be based on sound, objective and professional analysis and high standards of research.

6. We will only accept funding that does not compromise our ability to address issues freely, thoroughly and objectively.

7. We will provide accurate and timely reports of our activities to our stakeholders.

8. We will respect and encourage respect for fundamental human rights and freedom.

9. We are committed to building, working with and working through Chapters worldwide.

10. We will strive for balanced and diverse representation on our governing bodies.

11. As one global movement, we stand in solidarity with each other and we will not act in ways that may adversely affect other Chapters or the TI movement as a whole.

YOU CAN GET INVOLVED- Transparency International

Ethics Resource Center

ERC has been in the organizational ethics business for a long time – 88 years and counting and there are resources available at that you would be hard-pressed to find elsewhere.

First and foremost, ERC is a nonprofit, nonpartisan research organization, dedicated to independent research that advances high ethical standards and practices in public and private institutions.

ERC’s expertise also informs the public dialogue on ethics and ethical behavior. ERC researchers analyze current and emerging issues and produce new ideas and benchmarks that matter – for the public trust.


The Project On Government Oversight has a long history of working with individuals daring to expose corruption. Many of these individuals with whom POGO has worked choose to remain anonymous to the public and even to POGO itself.

If you have information regarding fraudulent or wasteful activities in the government or the industries it regulates, and you would like to expose it in order to keep the government accountable to its citizens, please contact us.

POGO may be able to further research your concerns, bring public attention to any wrongdoing, and alert those who can bring about change. We've been watchdogs since 1981.


FBI Public Corruption
Public corruption poses a fundamental threat to our national security and way of life. It impacts everything from how well our borders are secured and our neighborhoods protected…to verdicts handed down in courts…to the quality of our roads, schools, and other government services. And it takes a significant toll on our pocketbooks, wasting billions in tax dollars every year.

Although studied and researched, the topic of police corruption, in large part, remains a mystery. Sir Robert Peel was credited with the concept that the police depend on citizen cooperation in providing services in a democratic society. As such, the detrimental aspects of police misconduct cannot be overstated. In terms of public trust for law enforcement, recent polls show that only 56 percent of people rated the police as having a high or very high ethical standard as compared with 84 percent for nurses.

The FBI is singularly situated to combat this corruption, with the skills and capabilities to run complex undercover operations and surveillance.


FBI Bulletin 


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